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A female bed bug mate once and is almost pregnant for the rest of its life. 

Learn More About Bed Bug

Bed Bug

Bed bug is a very common pest problem to encountered in Singapore. Also known as Cimex lectularius, found primarily in the tropics, they are nocturnal insect that feeds on blood meal. Bed Bugs are small and move very fast and hide very well so it might be tricky to exterminate them.

They spread by crawling in between nearby areas. Returning home from a vacation or by being carried within personal items or luggage bags. Inadvertently brought in from other infested dwellings on a visiting person clothing or plastic bag. They have three body segments namely the head, thorax and abdomen with two antennae and six legs.

When we sleep, we breathe out carbon dioxide, this is how they are able to sense us. They use their antenna to find exposed skin for them to suck as much blood as possible from us. Bed bugs blood meal can feed on other warm-blooded animals such as pets in the house. However, feeding on a human is still a their first priority.

There are a few intensive treatment required to tackle the problem. Ultimately Professional Pest Control Services is your best bet to get rid of Bed Bugs problem permanently.

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Life Cycle, Diet & All

Bed Bug Characteristic

Knowing where to look for Bed Bugs and how they look is the most important step to identifying and Control. There are plenty of pest that identical to Bed Bugs. Identification is the first step that you cannot make a mistake, to avoid treating for the wrong pest. The types of pest that commonly mistaken for Bed Bugs are Flea, Ticks, Booklice and baby Cockroaches.

The Bed Bugs Lifecycle

(1st Instar)

Nymphs shed their skin five times before it reaches the maturity stage. They require a meal before each shedding. Depending on the condition, it will take about 21 days to a month before the nymphs develop into an Adult.

(2nd Instar to 4th Instar)

Baby Bed Bug or Young Nymphs Bed Bug can grow to about 0.5mm at each phase. Their growth to approximately 2mm to 4.5mm. It is common to see them shedding their skin and get significantly darker in colour.

Fully Developed Adult Bed Bug is the last stage of their life cycle. They will spend most of their time hiding, mating and for female Bed Bugs laying eggs.

The Bed Bugs Anatomy

Bed Bugs egg are about 1mm long, tiny, the size of a pinhead. Grain like and milky white in colour or pearl-white in colour. The female lay between one to 5 eggs each day as well as produce up to 500 eggs in one lifetime. Bed Bugs eggs are laid singly or in a cluster marked by an eye spot if more than five days old.

They require about seven to ten days to hatch into Nymphs. They young are also called Bed Bug Nymphs and generally smaller, translucent or whitish-yellow in colour. And if they have not fed, can be nearly invisible to the eye because of colour and size.

Adult Bed Bugs are usually about the size of an apple seed 5 to 7mm in length. Long and beige to brown in colour, with a flat, oval shape body.

The Bed Bugs Dietary

They are attracted to carbon dioxide produced by their victims. They prefer to feed at night on bare skin that is exposed during sleep. They will still feed on a blood meal during the day, especially in heavily infested Bed Bug situation. Bed Bugs feed on other warm-blooded as well but prefers to feed on the blood of humans.

Bed Bugs normally need 5 to 10 minutes to feed for a blood meal. They feed by inserting two hollow needle tubes into their host. The first will tube will inject their saliva that will act as an anaesthetic. This will numb the feeding area and second tube is to draw blood.

And after their blood meal, they hide for 5 to 10 days to digest their meal, mate and lay eggs.

Learn to know when you'll need Bed Bug Control Services

Signs of Bed Bug Infestation

Bed Bugs are known to thrive because they reproduce rather quickly into large numbers. If there was a possible way to stop them from breeding. Controlling their population would have been an easy task and perhaps get rid of them once and for all. This is the reason why it is crucial to understand how they mate, where and how they lay their eggs.

Live Presence

Perimeter of bed, seams and mattress tag and in the box spring. They hide in cracks and corners on the bed frame and headboard. In the seams of chairs and sofas, between cushion pillows, in the curtains. They can be found in drawer, electrical sockets, under wall papers and wall corners.


Their dropping are dark coloured spots approximately this size • and they may bleed on the fabric like a marker would. When cleaning and changing of bedsheet, keep a look for these signs on the fabric. Their waste is typically dark reddish brown, rust or even black colour stain.


Eggs are laid on rough surfaces and visible to the naked eyes commonly within the cracks and crevices. The eggshells, which are small approximately 1mm and light yellow in colour that Nymphs shed as they grow larger.


The rusty or red stains on bedsheets and mattresses are commonly caused by Bed Bugs being squashed. They leave very clear marks along the side of door frame and power sockets and more along a blood meal area. Tiny blood stains on your bedsheets, upholstered furniture, pillow cases as well as pyjamas are also signs that a Bedbug infestation..


Like many insects, Bedbugs will release an odour that musty sweetish when disturbed. This is called “alarm pheromones”. Although some compare the scent to berries, it can be unpleasant to the nose at higher concentrations.

Bed Bug Bite Treatment

Bed Bugs Bites

How bed bug bites look like

When they bite, as per the Bed Bug bite image above. You can see group of Bedbug bite appearing in a zigzag pattern. Each group usually consist of 3 to 5 bites.

The most common area to get bitten are usually found the thigh, calves, arms and the back of the body. Bites are usually seen on exposed skin and it can cause severe allergic reaction. You will feel the itchiness around the itchy bumps and red bumps of the Bed Bug bites.

They usually bite in a straight line or small areas clustered together. However, this is not be a confirmation of a Bed bug infestation. Understanding the signs of Bed Bug is the best way to determine you have a problem and if treatment is required.


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