Bed bug also known as Cimex lectularius, are nocturnal insect that feed on blood. When we sleep, we breathe out carbon dioxide. This is how they are able to sense where we are. They will use their antenna to find the best place for them to suck as much blood as possible from us.
Bed bug have flat, rusty-red-colored oval body. They are about 5-6mm long.
The eggs are about 1mm long before they hatch. Grain like and milky white in colour.
Bed Bug Life cycle
Nymphs ( 1st Instar )
Nymphs shed their skin five times before it reaches maturity stage. They require a meal before each shedding. Depending on the condition, it will take about 21 days to a month before the nymphs develop to an adult bed bug.
Young adult bed bug ( 2nd Instar to 4th instar )
They grow at about 0.5 mm at each phase of their growth from 2mm to 4.5mm. It is common to see them shedding their skin and get significantly darker in colour.
Fully developed adult bed bug
This is the last stage of their life cycle. They will spent most of their time hiding, mating and laying eggs.
Signs of a bed bug infestation
Of course finding a bed bug is a clear sign of a bed bug infestation. And due their behaviour, there will never be just one bed bug. Look at the other tell tale signs of a bed bug infestation.
Bed bug dropping
The black spots on the right are example of how the dropping look like.
Some of the areas where you can find them:
- Bed frames
- Wire trunking
- Electrical sockets
- Side table
- Base board
Tips: Always start at areas closest to where the host is sleeping.
Bed bug like to hide at creak or crevices.
Bed bug Bites
Bed bug bites are often found at the back area of your body.
Thigh, calves, tricep and your of course at the back of your body as this is the largest area of your body. Yet, it is important to note that since everyone skin react differently to an insect bite. It is hard to determine a mosquito bite to a bed bug bite. Look for other signs to confirm that you have a bed bug infestation.
Bed bug prefer to lay their eggs on rough surfaces. They are visible to the naked eyes but you would need a lot of experience to identify them. Start looking at the cracks and crevices. The pictures give you an idea on what to look out for.
Some common questions for bed bug?
Q1: I always keep my house clean. How can I still get a bed bug infestation?
Ans: Bed bug are excellent hitch hiker. They don’t simply crawl in to your home or property. You could bring one home simply by being at the wrong place at the wrong time. You could unfortunately bring one home from the movies, a cafe, the cab back home. Let say, I have a bed bug infestation in my house and one of the bed bug crawl up to my bag. I bring the bag to my favourite cafe for lunch, put it on top of the sofa. It crawl out. The next guy took my seat after I had finished. It could hitch hike to that poor guy. It could be through his clothes, bag, anything. So, it could happen to anyone and not because you did not clean your house.
Q2: Do I need to throw away all my mattress, bed and furniture? and if I do, when should I throw them?
Ans: Although it help to throw away all the items, it might not be necessary. Our technicians are trained to solve your bed bug infestation and save those items. Thus, saving you money from buying a new set. We have also come across clients that really want to throw those items. It will be best to throw them before we start the first treatment. The new furniture should only come in after our last session. This is because bed bug could still harbour at the skirting, trunking or even on a parquet flooring. Any tiny creak or opening could be a potential habourage for them.
Q3: How did I get a bed bug infestation?
Ans: If you refer to the answer for question 1, there are so many ways for you to get a bed bug infestation. However, we do a little bit of “CSI ing”.
Our consultant or technicians will asked you some of the questions below to try to zero in on the possible reason why you get a bed bug infestation
- Have you been travelling? When was your most recent trip?
Unfortunately, some of the hotels that you might stayed in, has a bed bug infestation. They could hitch on your luggage and unknowingly, you brought them back to your home. We would normally start out inspection with the luggage to look for any signs of dropping or eggs
- Did you get a new helper? Or your helper just came back from her trip back home?
70% of our bed bug clients has got the infestation through their helper. The helpers are normally from undeveloped countries and living condition is very different to what we have here. They might not even know that they have a bed bug infestation due to the lack of awareness. One big mistake that a helper
normally make is not highlighting the bed bug sighting to you. They may be fearful that they could be send back to their agency. This can result in the infestation growing.
- Did you buy any second hand furniture?
With so many platforms to buy second hand furnitures, a lot of our clients manage to get some good deals. But it can turn out to be a bad deal if the furnitures come with bed bug infestation. Checking for bed bug signs before bring them home.
Q4: What do I need to do before the treatment?
Ans: Yes. The mist is water-based. It is advisable to cover all electronic appliances with a trash bag or any cloth. Remove all bed sheet, pillow case, blanket and wash them with hot water. Be prepare to vacate the house for at least for four hours. This will allow the mist to settle in and dry up. Thus, leaving a residual effect.