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Proper Rodent Identification is One of the Most Important Steps to Getting Rid of Them.

Learn More About Rodent, Rat and Mice

Rodent, Rat and Mice

Rodents have a distinctive sense of smell, hearing, and sight. They are Nocturnal species, usually with large eyes and commonly attracted to ultra violet lights. Most Rodent Singapore species have long, sensitive whiskers. Some species of Rodents even have pouches in their cheeks.

Hidden under the fur and can be turned inside out for pushing food out or cleaning. In most species, the tongue are not able to reach beyond the incisors. Rodents have an amazing gut digestive systems, that are able to absorb close to 80% of ingested energy. They then practices coprophagy, by eating its own faeces, in order to get the nutrients to be absorbed by the guts.

Rodents are warm blooded animals that can be found throughout the world. They belong to the order Rodentia, which is the largest order of mammals. Rat infestations are one of the most common pest problems globally. They are disgusting and an inconvenience, often associated with illnesses.

There are several ways to prevent Rats in Singapore effectively. Innovative Pest Control Services is your best bet to rid of Rats in your home and Rodent infestations.

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Lifecycle, Diet & All

Rodent Characteristic

The Rodent Lifecycle

For Rats, they need at least 3 weeks to mature from birth to adulthood. In 5weeks, they are already sexually mature and can start reproducing. On average Rats live for about one year, those that lives indoor can live for 2 to 3 years. They can survive longer in a safe environment.

Baby Rat weighs about 3 to 6 grams, depending on the species and at birth blind and naked without any fur. After 6 days, they will start opening their eyes. Then at the start of the third week, they will start growing fur.

The Rodent Anatomy

Rodents have upper and lower pair of incisor teeth, used for gnawing. It does not stop growing, so they must chew to maintain and wear it down. Rodents chew on a variety of items available to them resulting to great damage in and around homes. Rodents and Rats species are well-known for rapid breeding.

They are constantly reproducing to maintain their large population. Example: Female can give birth to an average of 40 babies a year. When the condition is ideal, they can start conceiving again after 48 hours after giving birth. Reason why the their population gets bigger in a short period.

The Rodent Dietary

Habitats like whether they are in urban area, rural or the wild can affect their food sources. Roof Rats, although omnivorous, prefer nuts and fruits. But ultimately, they will eat anything if they’re hungry. They also tend to stash food at their harbouring area.

On the other hand, a Norway Rats diet consist of literally anything cereal, meat and just about anything to survive. Meanwhile, House Mice Singapore prefer seeds, nuts and cereal grains, similar, to Roof Rats and Norway Rats, they will eat anything. They can only survive without food for at least 4 days.


The House Mice dropping are the smallest among the three. Just like their body size compared to the others. Rat Control Specialist can identify the type of Rodent is infesting your home just by looking at the dropping size. Obviously, the bigger the Rodent, the bigger the dropping size.


Rodents are bait shy for example, they will not eat a whole loaf of bread. And instead, will start chewing the packaging consuming small bites each time. You will notice evidence of multiple rat bite marks or chewing signs on the food packaging over time.

Live Presence

Rodents breed all year round and needs a well hidden nesting area for them to reproduce. It is also common for them to start shredding nesting material for their nest. Material such as paper, card board and even cushion sponge. You should be very alarmed when this happens.

Smear & Foot Prints

Apart from carrying harmful diseases, signs of Rats foot print are normally very dirty. They will leave marks when they rub against the wall or, squeezing themselves into any opening to enter your home.

These are just some of the Rodents can be found in Singapore

Types of Rodents

Around the world, there are at least 1,500 species of Rodents to exist. Most of us are familiar with Rats and Mice, while some consider them as “pets”. When it comes to Rats, there are at least 60 species of them and come in all shapes and sizes. Singapore is known for being a clean country.

Nevertheless, pests such as Rodents are hard avoid. It is a common Rat problem in areas with poor trash management. There are different types of Rats you can find in the country. More specifically, these three:

Roof rat Control singapore


They are the most challenging type of Rodent to get rid of as they live above ground. Meaning, how to stop rats where humans cannot access. They are also nocturnal and are one of the most agile among the Rodent family. While Norway Rats find burrows underground to hide, Roof Rats harbour on locations such as ceiling, attics and false wall.

They are excellent climbers, anywhere above ground will represent an ideal location for them to harbour. Roof Rats need water to be present or accessible to any water source in order to survive. They are also smaller in size, and their tail is longer than their body. Once they reach adulthood, their head and body length can measure 6 to 8 inches.

Their tail can be as long as 7 to 10 inches, they can grow to up to 16 inches long. They are black in colour and have a pointy face. Roof Rats reach sexual maturity within 2 to 3 months. They can have about 3-4 litters in a year, a litter can consist of 4 to 8 young.

Roof Rats have smooth fur, their tails are actually scaly and commonly found in the coastal areas. They gained the name “Ship Rat”, some refer to them as “Black Rats”. Additionally, they have poor eyesight but compensate by their excellent hearing, smell, touch and taste.

House mice in Singapore


House Mice known as House Mouse, lives near human habitat. They look for a small entry point of an opening the size of a 50cent coin to enter the property. House Mice are very curious and can spend the whole day roaming around a property to familiarise themselves with the surrounding.

House mice are smaller compared to a Roof Rat and Norway Rat and commonly mistaken for a young Roof Rat. They are grey in colour and grow up to 10 cm in length. It will take House Mice just one month to reach sexual maturity and produces approximately 6-10 litters per year.

Rodent Pest Library


Norway Rats are also known as “Sewer Rat” or “Brown Rat”. Unlike Roof Rats, Norway Rat lives on the lower ground. They can live in burrows, drains, sewerage and even field. This species of Rat also has poor vision and colour blind.

They are not very agile and able to run, jump, climb and swim causing a significant property damage when they gnaw. Norway Rats are greyish-brown in colour. They are lighter in colour on the under part of their body and tails shorter than their body size. Meanwhile, their eyes and ears are small.

Their head and body length is about 7 to 9 inches, tails measuring 7 inches and reach 16 inches long. They reach sexual maturity within 2-3 months. They can have about 4-7 litters per year. Each litter consists of 8-12 young.

Additionally, their gestation only takes them about 3 weeks. They have shaggy fur, their ears and tails are scaly. They have the abilities to squeeze through small holes.


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