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A single female house fly can lay up to 500 eggs over the span of just three to four days.

Learn More About Flies

Flies

Flies are insects that belong to the order diptera. It is a Greek word with “di” meaning two, and “ptera” meaning wings. There are also other insects that belong to this group such as mosquitoes and fungus gnats.

Singapore provides flies natural habitat. Being a tropical climate, Singapore stays hot and humid throughout the year. As as result, flies are among the most common pests found in Singapore. Some, like the house flies, carry nasty bacteria that can affect public health and may lead to serious illnesses.

For example, they can transmit diseases such as dysentery, diarrhea, salmonella and tuberculosis. This happens when a bacteria transfers through their saliva from wherever it has picked it up from. It’s easier to understand that this is recycling saliva at its best!

Additionally, there are types of flies that even cause diseases to animals! Specifically horse flies,  which carry a virus that can be life-threatening to livestocks.

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Lifecycle, Diet & All

Flies Characteristic

Flies Lifecycle

Fly life cycle is normally divided into 4 stages. It consist of first, the egg. Second is larva, third is pupal stage and finally, an adult. The life span varies by the different type of flies.

Egg stage

A fly egg resembles a grain of rice. It is long and hard in appearance. Typically, you can find it in corners, food, compost as well as drains. The reason being that these are ideal places for the eggs to hatch and enter the larvae stage.

Larva stage

A fly’s larva is called a maggot. Their size can vary from 4 to 12 milimeter, depending on what stage their growth is. Maggots can be off-white or light brown. Meanwhile, some can be even be yellow or reddish in colour. Although they can look disgusting, maggots are actually essential to a dead animal’s and other waste’s decomposition.

Pupal stage

This stage is the resting period before a larvae turns into an adult fly. A fly’s pupae has the same function as a butterfly’s cocoon. A hard shell will form to protect a fly that is developing.

Adult stage

Flies have a short lifespan, depending on their kind. Some only live for 24 hours. Yet, other larger kinds can survive for days and even months!  In Singapore, flies tend to grow faster and live longer in Singapore. This is due to the warm conditions with moderate food that aids with the growth of their population. For example, a female housefly is capable of laying hundreds of eggs in batches.

Flies Identification

Flies use one pair of wings in order to fly. Meanwhile, they use their second pair of wings, also known as “halteres”, for balance. A fly has five eyes that cover most of their eyes. The two that are visible are its compound eyes. On the other hand, the three much smaller eyes on top of its head are called “ocelli”. However, despite having many eyes, their vision is not sharp. Their entire body is also covered by a hard outer surface. Its purpose is to protect a fly’s internal organs. In terms of size, an adult fly can measure up to ¼ to ½ inch in length.

Most flies like house and blow fly, are attracted to decaying organic matters like faeces, rotten meat and dead animals. This is because decayed matters are ideal fly breeding sites. In other words, this is where they lay their eggs. Moreover, dead animals are essential for larvae feeding and growth

Flies Habitat

They live underground, in dead wood or sometimes in plant cavities. In Singapore however, common ants can easily be found in an apartment. It will start by infesting your kitchen and bathroom. They invade the kitchen for obvious reasons, since this is where the main food source can be found. They will look for crack and crevices and wall voids to start a sub nest. It’s not surprising if there are many sub nests in your kitchen!

Nevertheless, the parent colony can sometimes be found outside the house. You can call their nest “ant hill” because it looks like a pile of soil. It is normally on the ground. Hence, it is clear indication that the queen is nearby.

Flies Diet

They have a wide variety of food such as human food, animal food and carcasses, garbage and excrement. Flies also suck nectars from flowers. 

House flies only feed on liquids so they must turn their food into it. They are mostly attracted to animal feces and substances that contain sugar. Fruit flies, as their name suggests, like fruits like bananas, pineapples and grapes. Nevertheless, they like vegetables such as potatoes and onions too! 

On the other hand, blow and bottle flies are found in animals that recently died. This is because they prefer meat that are fresh or decaying. Flies also collect pathogens on their legs and mouths. Then, these pathogens are transferred to food on tables or counters when a fly lands again.

Learn To Know When You Need Flies Control

Signs of Flies Infestation

Fly problems should not be taken lightly. They are not only a nuisance, but can also cause health problems. For business owners, especially restaurants, it can even lead to suspension or closure. 

That is why it is important to watch out for the signs of fly infestation such as: 

Live Presence

Regular sighting of flies and noticing an increase in their activity may be of greater concern. Usually, you can find them around food or trash bins.

Clusters Of Spots

Flies usually leave behind little, small dark clusters of spots. They can be as small as a size of a pinhead, but these are quite visible especially when there’s a whole lot of them.

Maggots

The presence of maggots which are small, white, worm-like larval flies is a clear indication that flies are infesting your area. This means your property has became a potential breeding site. 

These are just some of the flies can be found in Singapore

Types of Flies

House Fly In Singapore

This type of fly is usually seen around human activities. It is a well-known pest around homes and even farms. Even though they originated in Central Asia, houseflies can now be found in different continents.

Close up of a fly

Has a checkered pattern of dark and light grey in their abdomen. They got their name because their species lay their eggs in open wounds. 

Blue Bottle Flies Singapore

Has a very distinct colour, which is obviously, blue. However, some of them can also be black, bronze, gold and green. They also buzz loudly.

Drain Flies found commonly in toilet

Also known as sink flies or sewer flies. They got this name because they are usually found in places with moisture as well as standing water.

Fruit Flies found in Singapore

It can be typically seen in homes, restaurants and supermarkets. As long as it’s a place where food can rot. Fruit flies can exist all year round, but they are more active during summer or fall where fruits and vegetables are in season. 

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