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Termites works 24/7 with a single mission to expand their colony. Do not let this go by under your expenses.

Subterranean Termite

Learn More About Subterranean Termite

The most common type of found in Singapore are Asian subterranean termite, Eastern subterranean termite and formosan subterranean termiteUnfortunately, they are describe to be more vigorous and aggressive. They eat at a more rapid rate and normally come in a larger colony. A fully mature colony consist of about 350,000 workers and they can eat about 31 grams per day.

The formosan termite is refer to "The Super-Termite" from the famous press. Primarily due of their large colony size and the capability to inflict severe damages to wooden structures and properties. Capable of ingesting a significant quantity of wood in a brief span of time. And generating a substantial number of swarmers during evening flights.

Replacing the wooden fittings, furniture will not solve the problem, instead it will be a never-ending nightmare. Known for their habit to cause owners millions of dollars' worth in structural damage to properties. Engage Professional Termite Control Services for a routine inspection to prevent and maintain a safe living and working environment.

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Lifecycle, Diet & All

Subterranean Termite Characteristic

The Subterranean Termite Lifecycle

Termite king and queen are responsible for only one task, to produce. They get look after by other termites and some have lived up to more than 20 years. A mature termite queen mates, lays thousands of termite eggs in a year. The eggs will be carefully manage by worker termites, normally after two weeks the nymphs will emerge.

Regurgitate food will be the nourishment for two weeks, giving them the ability to go through molting. To determine a worker, soldier, queen or reproductive for the colony. The workers do not have eyes but get the task to supply food for the colony. Working nonstop collecting cellulose from wood in building structures.

Soldiers defend the colony, with long armour head and large mandible jaw. Enemies can range from ants, bugs or damages inflict to their mud trails. They will create a clicking sound to alarm danger within the rest of the colony. Swarmers take flight during the colder part of the year and flutter around under lights with the same agenda, a new colony.

They will gradually fall, discarded wings can be visible and should not be ignore. The males will mate with a suitable queen and build a nest in the wood. Which are closely in contact to dirt soil to establish a new colony.

The Subterranean Termite Anatomy

Alates (Swarmers)

Its length 14-15mm long including wings and body pale yellow to brownish yellow. Fontal gland pore present, distinct, opening towards front of wings. Front wing has 2 dark heavily hardened veins in front portion.


Round head with sides narrow or taper fontal gland pores that has a short tubes towards front to the head . Large mandible last teeth which is orange to brownish in colour, Pronotum flat, creamy white body narrower than head.


Its length about 3 mm long and worker termites are blind, wingless, soft-bodies, creamy white to light greyish with a round head. Workers forages food and water, tasked to construct and repair sheltering tubes, grooms and feed other termites. They also care for the eggs and young, and participate in the colony defence.


Length 15 mm, dark brown head and long bodies with a whitish abdomen that is normally enlarge. Queen has a long lifespan and can live 25 to 50 years, typically the oldest termite in the colony. When the termite queen dies when pheromone is no longer produce. A new queen will be replace in the colony.


Its length is approximately 2-4mm darker brown and oval shape head. King termite is a powerful species found in the depths of the termite nest guarding. Primary task to mate with the queen and maintain the termite colony population.

The Subterranean Termite Habitat

Drywood termites and dampwood termites habitat preference are closely similar in their choice for the types of wood as a food source. Subterranean termites are the type of termite that attacks building timber, especially in tropical and subtropical areas.

They readily build tunnels or working tubes are call subterranean termite mud trails. Or termite mud tubes to transverse impenetrable materials or adverse conditions to reach wood. The tubes are small, more solidly built out of soil and wood combined with termite saliva. In a lighter in colour, yellowish white to tan and more circular in the cross section.

The Subterranean Termite Dietary

What do subterranean termites eat was a frequently asked question for majority? Subterranean termite main dietary preference is cellulose, thus why they are in search for wood, carton boxes, paper. These species of termites burrow deep into wooden piles, beams, rafters, walls and flooring. Their honeycomb like damages would go unnoticed until critical collapse.

Subterranean termite frass are a signs of termite infestation that pest control termite inspections lookout for. Drywood termite droppings are coarse, similar to a saw dust pile. The termite pellets exit from the kick-out holes or drop tubes that they have an opening through the mud tube which to push their frass.

Learn About The Subterranean Termite Caste

Subterranean Termite Colony

Here are three main group in a subterranean termite caste and all the three groups differ in colour. Workers are usually cream in colour to a milky shade. Soldiers are of the same body colour but with a brown head. The reproductive, king and queen, are usually darker in colour than the rest of the colony.

Learn to Know When you Will Need Termite Control Services

Signs of Subterranean Termite Infestation

Once these signs are visible, please not take them lightly or simply ignore as the damages can cost you a bomb. It may potentially compromise the safety of the structural building. Hire a pest control company to do a regular inspection for your property.

Mud Trails

Commonly built to trap moist between their movement from the colony and food source. These tunnels are stretch from the house foundation to the wooden surface. These signs are not visible or easily trace and require delicate approach.

Swarmers Wings

They emerge in a group and flutter around the light source, either the street lamppost or any outdoor lights. When a male meets its mate, they discard their wings to search for a new home.

Clicking Sounds

They make a faint clicking sound to alarm the colony of any potential danger. If you hear sound coming from the doors or wooden material do not attempt to spray with insecticide. This will agitate and resorting them to find a different route, leaving you with more damages.

Hollow Wood

They are great in keeping themselves well hidden. These species of pests eat wood from the inside, leaving a thin veneer surface of wood. You might be able to spot blistering pieces of wood to confirm the presence of the bugs.


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