Cockroaches have been around for at least 300 million years. Yes. Even way before the dinosaur era. There are more than 4,500 different species of cockroaches in the world today. However, only 30 are linked with human habitat. In Singapore, you can find 4 common types of cockroaches. It is believed that they will outlive human due to its ability to adapt and strive in any condition. They are cold-blooded insects and uses holes in their body segment to breathe. This is why they can live without its head for a week. They don’t breathe using their mouth or head. The only reason why they will die after being headless for a week is that they can’t drink water.
They are nocturnal and hide during the day. Should you start seeing them more often in the day time, you know you are in big trouble. The competition for food is high thus, the need to get out of their sleeping habit to find food.
In general, they can be distinguished from other insects because of their colour, shape and size. One of its most distinctive features is its plate-like armour that covers its head and body. They have flat broad bodies with two protruding antennae used for sensing. Like all insects, it has six legs equipped with minute sensory hairs. And they usually dark brown or black in colour. They are about thumb size and can grow up to 3 inches in length.
It has a light brown or gray brown colour and is typically distinguished for its two dark, parallel stripes on its back. They can live up to a year and is very common because of its fast breeding capacity. A female cockroach can produce around 25 to 30 thousand nymphs. The mother adult roach usually carries its eggs cases until they hatch which makes this species difficult to eliminate. In Singapore, German roaches account for 90% of suspension cases by the National Environment Agency for cockroaches that are found in restaurants, cafe and food outlets.
It is smaller than German roaches and is usually thought as its younger version. You can usually find both of them living together in one roof. It can be distinguished for their light yellow bands across their bodies. They usually leap or spring when bothered. But the male brown-banded cockroach can actually fly. As their main food diet is starch, it is very common to find them in offices. A pest control treatment for them involved a lot of gel baits.
The largest one among the four. they can grow up to 3 inches long. In spite of its name, it does not originate from America, United States. but Africa. They are also called a palmetto bug in some part of the world. They have brown to reddish-brown colour and has light-yellow edges on its shield or pronotum. In some countries, it is often mistaken for wood roaches. Both the male and female American cockroaches can fly, which makes them more terrifying. They can live up to two years and are more common in places where there are stocks of food such as bakeries, restaurants and grocery stores. As they tend to be on the ground more often, houses that have crawl spaces will be more likely to see these roaches climbing up into the house. They don’t hide their cockroach egg well enough and this allows pest control expert like us to zero in on their harbouring area.
Dark brown or black in colour. They are distinguished by their glossy or polished bodies and are easily recognized by their exposed abdominal segments. They are not capable of flying and often feed on decomposing or decaying organic matter. Thus, is commonly seen in cesspits, drainage system, and damp locations such as under dampened sofas or humidified furniture as well as pipe and leaky faucets. They can live up to six months.
During their first stage, they are normally white in colour. The nymph will go through several stages of moulting before eventually looking like a cockroach, changing colour during each stage. Different type of cockroach are different in size and shape. One mistake that a lot of people make is assuming that a German adult cockroach to an American cockroach nymph due to its size. This is the reason why getting a professional pest control expert like us will solve your cockroach infestation fast.
They spread germs and bacteria on the common surfaces and cause food and water contamination. after crawling through decaying matters. This can lead to diseases such as Salmonella. They are also known to cause an allergic reaction and trigger asthma due to their saliva, faeces and decomposed body. Children are more likely to get an asthmatic attack due to this. In general, a cockroach can spread up to 30 types of bacteria.
Different types of cockroach have different preferences. However, near water and food source is a must. Kitchen and bathrooms fit the bill. For example, the American roach prefers dark and wet areas. In Singapore, we can easily find them in the sewage, floor traps, rubbish chute and drains. They can find many entry points to get to your property. Typically for a condominium apartment or an HDB unit to get an American cockroach infestation, it has to come from a floor trap or a rubbish chute. Public sewage has pipes linked to a building. This is how an American cockroach can enter your unit. Another common way is through the rubbish chute. It is common to find a pest control company fogging rubbish chutes to eradicate them. Though this will kill many of them, a handful will escape by entering your rubbish chute.
The German roach, on the other hand, is normally brought in to your home. Carton boxes and grocery bags are just some of the ways that could transfer them to your home. Restaurants, bars and cafe, are more prone to having a German cockroach infestation. It has a preference for warmer and drier spaces, will look for cracks and crevices to harbour and can be also found harbouring in appliances such as coffee maker, meat grinder and cabinet hinge.
Anything and everything. They need food and water to survive. They can go without food for one month and without water for one week. They are attracted to food that emits a strong smell. Pet food and even cheese are two such foods.
Innovative Pest Management consults and solve homes and business that faces cockroach problem. Our cockroach control is effective and safe. Call us at 6100 5266 or email us at firstname.lastname@example.org